“The machines were called automatons, and the chessplaying ones usually involved a human figure sitting behind a large box. The most famous was a European creation called the Turk—a figure dressed exotically to suggest that he was not part of the day-to-day world. But,” Pecheur continued, “What if the Turk decided he wouldn’t play chess anymore—that he wanted to learn to play the piano or fall in love?” –from A Floating Life by Tad Crawford (Chapter 17)
For more information about chess automatons, visit http://www.geocities.com/siliconvalley/lab/7378/automat.htm.
For a Freudian interpretation of chess, visit http://chess.eusa.ed.ac.uk/Chess/Trivia/psychology.html. Two novels that I like about games and those who play the games are The Defense by Vladimir Nabokov and The Master of Go by Yasunari Kawabata.